The government has officially announced the names of 7 COVID-19 vaccines used in Indonesia. This has been stated in the Decree of the Minister of Health Number HK .01.07/Menkes/12758-2020 regarding the determination of the type of vaccine in the implementation of the COVID-19 vaccination.
Here is a list of 7 vaccines that have been set by the government
1 . Novavax Vaccine
2. Sinovac Vaccine
3. Oxford-Astrazeneca Vaccine
4. Moderna Vaccine
5. Sinopharm Vaksin Vaccine
6. PT Bio Farma Vaccines
7. Pfizer-BioNtech Vaccine
However, of the 7 types of covid vaccines in Indonesia, so far there are only 3 types of vaccines whose stocks have been received and have been implemented in the implementation of the mutual cooperation vaccination program, for example Sinovac, Oxford-Astrazeneca and PT Bio Farma.
What type of vaccine has been certified by WHO?
Of the names of the COVID-19 vaccines, three of which have obtained permission from the WHO are:
Corona Vaccine from the United States, the first to receive an emergency use permit (EUL) from the World Health Organization (WHO), since December 31, 2020. This type itself is also legally distributed to a number of countries.
Dr Mariângela Simão, WHO Assistant-Director General for Access to Medicines and Health Products, said this was a very positive step towards ensuring global access to a COVID-19 vaccine. It also emphasizes the need for greater global efforts to achieve an adequate supply of vaccines to meet the needs of a wider priority population.
WHO also helped ensure the safety of Pfizer’s Corona vaccine, which has carried out testing which has considered the efficacy and side effects of this type of COVID-19 vaccine.
In its latest report, Pfizer’s vaccine efficacy is 94 percent claimed to be able to prevent asymptomatic or asymptomatic cases. Until it is effective against the Delta-variant Kappa variant which was first discovered in India, after 2 doses of injection.
Meanwhile, in the latest analysis in Israel, Pfizer’s Corona vaccine has 97% effectiveness, which can prevent severe, symptomatic COVID-19 symptoms, and death from COVID-19.
On February 15, 2021, the AstraZeneca vaccine was also included in one of the vaccine emergency use lists (EUL). The production of these two types of vaccines is located in several different manufacturing locations, namely the Republic of Korea and India.
WHO said that the AstraZeneca/Oxford product is a viral vector vaccine called ChAdOx 1-S [rekombinan].
This ChAdOx 1-S alone has an efficacy of 63.09 percent and is suitable for low- and middle-income countries due to easy storage requirements.
Furthermore, the AstraZeneca vaccine has passed the SAGE (Expert Group for Strategic Appeal) review and can be recommended for use of the vaccine for all age groups 18 years and over.
Johnson and Johnson
The vaccine developed by Johnson & Johnson is also on the WHO emergency use list. This approval comes after considering a report from the European Drug Authority (EMA).
Even the Director General of WHO, Dr Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus also believes thateach new, safe and effective tool against COVID-19 is one step closer to controlling the pandemic.
By giving this single dose of vaccine it has been proven effective in the elderly population. But the downside is just like Pfizer, Johnson & Johnson’s vaccine needs to be stored at minus 20 degrees, which has turned out to be a challenge for some countries.
Meanwhile, when it comes to the effectiveness of this vaccine, it is up to 66.3 percent effective overall and the effectiveness in vaccine trials in the US has reached 74.4 percent, 100 percent effective in preventing hospitalizations and deaths from COVID-19.
It is proven that all vaccines included in the mutual cooperation program have been clinically tested and have even received certification from the WHO. By making the decision to vaccinate early you can increase herd immunity.
In addition, don’t forget to run the 3M health protocol, such as wearing a mask, washing hands and keeping a distance to avoid infection with the corona virus. Also make sure to always keep yourself healthy by eating nutritious food and doing regular health checks with health equipment from Sowell. Health products that have been clinically tested and have the best superior features. Get everything only at Ruparupa.